The FDA certification in cosmetics basically has to do with ensuring that the safety of the product, labeling practices, fair warnings in terms of caution of the product, adulteration have all met the standards prescribed by them.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and is responsible for protecting public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices; and by ensuring the safety of food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.
FDA regulates cosmetics under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), Fair Packaging and Labelling Act(FP&L Act), and the regulations published under the authority of these laws.
Under this law:
- Cosmetics must not be adulterated or misbranded.
- They must be safe for consumers under labeled or customary conditions of use, and they must be properly labeled.
- The ingredients must be declared in descending order of predominance.
- Any color additives they contain must be approved for the intended use, and some must be from batches certified in FDA’s own labs.
- Packaging and labeling must not be deceptive.
- Cosmetics that may be hazardous to consumers when misused must bear appropriate label warnings and adequate directions for safe use.
In the U.S., the law does not require cosmetic products and ingredients, other than color additives, to have FDA approval before they go on the market